She had missed the Nobel Prize, and sixty years later, the Rosalyn Franklin rover was about to leave. It will continue to search for answers to science and life on that distant red planet.
according to ESA's plan, their new rover will land on Mars in May 2021. This is part of ExoMars's Mars exploration program, which aims to find out whether there are signs of life on Mars in the past and in the present. In addition to exploring the Martian surface, the drills on the new rover can also go deep into the Martian soil for sampling, and samples up to two meters below the surface can be obtained for analysis.
I don't know the details of this Mars exploration program, and I can't give you an in-depth introduction. But there's one reason I'd like to mention it: just last week, the rover was named Rosalyn Franklin.
this is the name chosen after referring to about 36000 public opinions, in honor of the British physical chemist and crystallographer who made an important contribution to determining the double helix structure of DNA.
in 1952, Rosalyn Franklin took the famous picture called Photo 51 (Photo 51), which shows the X-ray diffraction pattern of the DNA crystal, which is the key evidence for determining the double helix structure of DNA. But at that time, her contribution did not get enough recognition. In 1962, Watson and Crick shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. Franklin, who died of bronchopneumonia and ovarian cancer in 1958, had no chance to receive the same honor.
she once missed the Nobel Prize, and sixty years later, the Rosalyn Franklin rover was about to leave. It will continue to search for answers to science and life on that distant red planet.
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Picture Source: ESA